Kagami Shiko


Kagami Shikoo 各務支考 Kagami Shiko

1665 - 1731
寛文5年(1665年) - 享保16年2月7日(1731年3月14日)

source:  www.wul.waseda.ac.jp

He was born in the Mino province.
He was the one who made Basho's poems known all over Japan after the death of his master.
He wrote a lot more about haiku theory than hokku.
Later, Kaga no Chiyo-Ni became his student.

'Shigure Hamaguri' was named by Kagami Shiko.

Kuzu no Matsubara 葛の松原 Pine Forest Kuzu, 1692

Oi Nikki 笈日記 Records in a knapsack, 1695

His Haiku names 東華房、西華房、獅子庵

He was a Zen acolyte at temple Daichi-Ji 大智寺.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

He was one of Basho's 10 most important disciples.

. Basho jittetsu 芭蕉十哲 .

. Kaga no Chiyo-Ni 加賀千代(尼) .


soko moto wa suzushiso nari mine no matsu

Even though afar
a feeling of coolness comes
from those mountain pines

The wings
of passing birds singed
on the red maple leaves

urayamashi utsukushu natte chiru momiji

envied by us all
turning to such loveliness
red leaves that fall

how I envy maple leafage
which turns beautiful
then falls

source : thegreenleaf.co.uk


urayamashi utsukushu narite chiru momiji / natte

to covet
becoming so beautiful --
falling red leaves

Tr. Dennis Holmes (chibi)


Matsuo Basho, who had spent some time with Shiko in Edo wrote this for Shiko, who was departing on a trip. He also gave him this gift

goki 御器 "honorable bowls" for begging and eating
ichigu 一具 means hitosoroi 一揃い one set, containing bowls for soup and food.

kono kokoro suiseyo hana ni goki ichigu

this my heart
you will know - with this flower
and this begging bowl

Written in the spring of 1692 元禄5年春

. ooryooki 応量器 begging bowl .

MORE - about his heart, mind, soul
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


. Nijugoo kajoo 二十五箇条 On Haikai: Twenty-Five Points
Published in 1726.

. Haikai juuron 俳諧十論 Haikai Juron, Ten arguments about Haikai .
published in 1719


The old master said:
Haikai is not something special, it is to tell a lie gracefully / skillfully.
But do not explain this to people who do not understand the real from the fake.
This is only a "swing with one sword" for the disciples of Basho.

Tr. Gabi Greve


Japanese Reference


- Kagami Shiko - Reference

Related words

***** Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets 



Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho in 1694
in the tea room of Kibushi
together with Hirose Izen and Kagami Shiko

aki chikaki kokoro no yoru ya yojoohan

as autumn approaches
our hearts are drawn together--
a four-and-a-half mat room

tr. Barnhill

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho
南無ほとけ草の台も涼しけれ -

namu hotoke kusa no utena mo suzushikare

Praise to Buddha!
this pedestal of grass
must also be so cool

Hokku for a statue of Shussan Shaka 出山釈迦 "Shaka coming out of the mountains".
by his disciple in Edo, Torii Bunrin 鳥居文鱗.
In 1683, when Basho moved to the second Basho-An in Fukagawa, Bunrin gave him a statue of Skakyamuni coming down from the mountains, which Basho cherished a lot.

Before Basho died at Osaka, he gave this statue to Kagami Shikoo 各務支考 Shiko.

Gabi Greve said...

- Larry Bole wrote in facebook :

Here is Blyth's introduction to Shiko, in "History of Haiku, Vol. One":

"Shiko ... 1665-1731, was first a Zen monk of Daichiji Temple, but afterwards became a doctor. He learned haikai from Ryoto, and met Basho in 1690, four years before the master's death. He set up his own school in Mino, which lasted a long time. He wrote an enormous number of books. His haiku show his strong and stubborn character; they are practically senryu."

Of the thirteen of Shiko's haiku that Blyth translates following the above introduction, here is the one that is most 'striking' to me:

Hasu no ha ni shooben sureba o-shari kana

Making water
On the leaves of the lotus,
--Shiko, trans. Blyth

Blyth's comment:

"Shari is the bones of the Buddha (supposed to be fround) in the cremated ashes of any Buddhist saint. 'Sha-sha' is the sound of the urine falling on the leaves of the lotus, and thus 'shari' is used punningly. The meaning of the verse seems to be that to piss on the lotus, to give up all desire for Paradise, is the hall-mark of the Bodhisattva. "

['Sarari' must be very slangy/colloquial -- I can't find a satisfactory definition online or in my Random House Japanese-English Dictionary.]