8/04/2010

Takano Sujuu

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Takano Sujuu (Takano Suju)
高野素十 . (Takano Soju, Takano Sojuu)
October 4. 1893 - 1976
Takano Yoshimi

He was one of the four "S" of the Hototogisu Haiku Group.
He was also a medical doctor.

Sujuu Ki 素十忌 (すじゅうき) Memorial Day for Sujuu

WKD : Memorial Days for Autumn kigo


Born in Ibaraki prefecture, he studied in Niigata and worked in the field of legal medicine. There he met his lifelong haiku companion, Mizuhara Shuuoushi 水原 秋桜子.
In 1923 he joined the haiku group Hototogisu.

He is burried at the temple Shinno-Ji in Chiba prefecture.
千葉県君津市の神野寺


Hatsugarasu 初鴉(はつがらす) (1947)
Seppen 雪片 ( せっぺん ) (1952)


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quote
Suju Takano
by Ryu Yotsuya

The poets of Taisho Hototogisu had produced many masterpieces, by resorting to romantic imagination and to the emphatic words. But this tendency had gone to excess and haikus pursuing superficial effects became popular.

At the beginning of the Showa era (1926 ~ 1989), the haikus of the Hototogisu school took a new direction; Kyoshi Takahama, to moderate this excess, started to advocate the necessity of "shasei" (sketching). This meant return to the design of Shiki Masaoka. He insisted that haikus not based on exact observation and precise description do not touch the readers. He invented the expression "kyakkan shasei" (objective sketching) and made it the principle of writing.

Following this new direction, several poets appeared such as Shuoshi Mizuhara (1892 ~ 1981), Suju Takano, Seiho Awano (1899 ~ 1992), Seishi Yamaguchi (1901 ~ 1994), Kusatao Nakamura (1901 ~ 1983). Each poet could create a personal style adapting "kyakkan shasei".

I present here Suju Takano, who left the most remarkable poems.

An important characteristic of his haikus is the description of foreground. Often, his haikus contain only things right before the eyes. This method makes a sharp contrast with that of the Taisho Hototogisu poets who intended to describe the distant view especially.

Shuoshi Mizuhara, opposed to Suju, severely reproached his descriptions of foreground which, Shuoshi said, were no more than monotonous scientific reports. But Shuoshi's criticism does not seem just to me. If we read Suju's haikus attentively, we realize that he keeps unique understanding of the structure of space in his expressions which look like, at first sight, simple explanations of landscape.

Almost all the haikuists regard the works of Suju as results of the "kyakkan shasei". However he was not a realistic artist in the modern sense of words. He respected symbolic nuances that words, especially kigos, contain. He adopted the attitude to project images of things on the screen made of nuances of the words.

Consequently, even if there are descriptions of foreground, Suju's haikus do not throw them into sharp relief; they give an impression that the poet carried his viewpoint far away and that he saw "here" in peace.

Suju's works that use fully the symbolizing function of the Japanese language, is one of the highest peaks of the Hototogisu school.

Read more haiku here:
source : Ryu Yotsuya


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春塵や観世音寺の観世音
shunjin ya Kannonji no Kanzeon

this spring dust -
the Kannon statue at
temple Kannon-Ji

(this temple is at Dazaifu Town,
Fukuoka Pref. Kyushu)





菊の香や灯もるゝ観世音
kiku no ka ya tomoruru Kanzeon

fragrance of chrysanthemums -
faint light on the Kannon statue


Learn more about this deity, Kannon Bosatsu 観音菩薩 :
Kannon Bosatsu 観音菩薩



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冬山の石仏群の崩壊す
fuyuyama no ishibotokegun no hoo kowasu

the landslides
near the group of stone buddhas
in the winter mountains




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寒肥や花の少き枇杷の木に
kangoe ya hana no sukunaki hiba no ki ni

fertilizing in the cold -
now for the loquat tree
with the few blossoms


WKD : Farmers work in Winter


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はじめての町はじめての春夕べ 
hajimete no machi hajimete no haru yuube

first time in town
first time a night
in spring



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hane watte tentoo mushi no tobi izuru

splitting her wings
the ladybug's
flying begins


source : www.haiku-hia.com



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Japanese Reference

高野素十


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Related words

***** Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets 

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4 comments:

anonymous said...

all are good but my favorite is the haunting, stark scene in the second one.
Thanks dear Gabi for sharing with us these gems and for taking the time to translate. Translation is an art form and few can do it well.
You are one of those few.
A deep bow of thanks,
RDW

Anonymous said...

I'm appreciate your writing skill.Please keep on working hard.^^
Hibon

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

春月や室生寺の僧ふところ手
shungetsu ya Murooji no soo futokorode

moon in spring -
the monks of temple Muro-Ji
with hands in the breast pocket

. Takano Sujuu 高野素十 Takano Suju .

MORE
about temple Muro-Ji

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

神垣の紅葉流しといふ雨か
kamigaki no momiji nagashi to iu ame ka

this rain
brings the red leaves from the kamigaki
to float


MORE
about kamigaki fences
.