Iida Ryuta Dakotsu


Iida Ryuta (Iida Ryouta) 飯田龍太

1920年7月10日 - 2007年2月25日
Ryuta Iida, Iida Ryuuta, Iida Ryûta

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observance kigo for mid-autumn

Dakotsu Ki 蛇笏忌 (だこつき) Dakotsu Memorial Day
Sanro Ki 山廬忌(さんろき)Sanro Memorial Day

. Memorial Days in Autumn  


He was the fourth son of the Haiku Poet Iida Dakotsu 飯田蛇笏.
He graduated from university in 1947, with an article about Matsuo Basho.
His brothers died when they were still young and his father Dakotsu died in 1962. So he had to take over the family tradition of 300 years of the Iida Family in Yamanashi prefecture, while being active in the Modern Haiku Movement.

Since 1951 he worked at the library of Yamanashi prefecture in Kofu city.
In 1954 he published his first haiku volume 百戸の谿.


Haiku poet Iida dies at 86

Ryuta Iida, a well-known modern haiku poet, died of pneumonia Sunday evening at a hospital in Kofu, Yamanashi Prefecture, his family said Tuesday. He was 86.

Born as the fourth son of Dakotsu Iida who was also a haiku poet, Ryuta Iida helped his father edit the prestigious haiku magazine ''Ummo 雲母 '' and took it over after his father's death in 1962.

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There is no first-class haiku in the haikus with marked characteristic /individuality.
- Iida Ryuta "About the individuality"

shunbun no yu ni sugu shizumu shiro-taoru

in the bath on the spring exuinox
my white towel
sinks immediately

The season of SPRING

. dono ie mo ko no ka kuwa no ka harewatari .
. . . the fragrance of silkworms and mulberries


Iida Dakotsu
Dakotsu Iida (飯田 蛇笏)
26 April 1885 – 3 October 1962)

He was a famous Japanese haiku poet from Yamanashi, Japan. His real name was Takeji Iida (飯田 武治, Takeji Iida). He is commonly referred to as Dakotsu. He trained under Takahama Kyoshi, and was a frequent contributor to such haiku journals as Hototogisu and Unmo. He was chief editor of Unmo.

Collections of Dakotsu include Sanro shû (The Mountain Hat Collection, 1932), Reishi (The Ten-Thousand-Year Mushroom, 1940), Shinzô (The Mind’s Eye, 1947), Sekkyô (Snow Gorge, 1951), and Kakyô no kiri (Fog and My Native Land, 1956).

© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dakotsu Iida est né en 1885 dans le village de Sakaigawa, Yamanashi. En 1905, à Tokyo, il est devenu membre du Waseda ginsha (Club de haïku de Waseda) où il a connu Ippekirô Nakatsuka. En 1909, il a dû renoncer à ses études en littérature anglaise, à Tôkyô, pour retourner dans son village natal et prendre la direction de la ferme familiale. En 1914, il a recommencé à envoyer ses haïkus à la revue Hototogisu (Le coucou); dans la série d'essais Susumu beki haiku no michi (Le chemin propre pour les haïkistes; 1915-1917), Kyoshi Takahama a loué avec enthousiasme ses poèmes. En 1915, il a été membre du jury du concours de la revue Kirara (Mica), titre qui est devenu Unmo, autre mot pour du mica, quand il en est devenu directeur, en 1917.

Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, deux de ses fils sont morts comme soldats; il en a ressenti une grande douleur qu'il a exprimée dans ses haïkus. À sa mort, en 1962, son fils Ryuta lui a succédé à la direction d'Unmo. Il aimait et haïssait son pays à la fois; il admirait cette vie errante qui lui était impossible en tant que chef de ferme et il a métamorphosé son village en une terre mystérieuse où les dieux et les esprits jouent. Il a laissé dix recueils; mentionnons: Sanro shu (Poèmes de l'ermitage; 1932), Reishi (Polypore commun; 1937) et Sekkyo (Vallée recouverte de neige; 1951).
Présentation: Ryu Yotsuya
Traduction des haïkus: Ryu Yotsuya et André Duhaime.
 © pages.infinit.net


The cut in the following JANUARY haiku gives it the space to create a great image. When it was first published in 1969, together with others under the general title "A bright valley" 明るい谷間. Many traditional haiku poets rejected it because of this cut in the middle of line two.
Maybe he was too early for his time. Now this haiku is well accepted.

It seems Ryuuta was talking about a small brook behind his estate called "Fox River", kitsune gawa 狐川 in Yamanashi Prefecture, Sakaikawamura 境川村, where he used to play as a little boy. But when reading the haiku, we feel a much bigger river running rather strong and wild through a steep valley ... this is the power of the CUT in line two.

Here we have to read the haiku not in the form of five-seven-five, but according to the meaning and grammatical structure of the sentence.

This haiku also uses the kigo JANUARY two times, but that is its strong point here.

一月の川 一月の谷の中
ichigatsu no kawa
ichigatsu no tani no naka

river in January
in the middle of a valley in January


January river
in a January valley

Tr. Gabi Greve


no naka/through

A river in January
running through
a January valley

Read more translations by
. Tr. © yahantei.jugem.jp/


Il n'y a qu'un fleuve
Au milieu de la vallée...
Premier mois de l'année.

 © tr. Laurent Mabesoone

река по январской

 © Haiku Mena

January as KIGO


tsuyu no yo wa yama ga tonari no gotoku ari

on a night with dew
the mountains seem like
next-door neighbours


yuki no higure wa ikutabi mo yomu fumi no gotoshi  

sunset in snow
is like a letter read
many times


. Metaphor and simile used in haiku .

Tr. Gabi Greve


hoshizukiyo kokoro tadayou mono gotoshi

Innumerable stars
Looks like floated algae
In my mind

Tr. Etsuko Yanagibori


Just like a blast
of cooling air
a man comes

© Tr. by Koko Kato and David Burleigh


sanpuku no tsuki no e ni naku ara-u kana

they screech at the moon
on the sanpuku day ...
wild cormorants

. The sanpuku days, Ko-no-E and Taishaku Ten  


. katatsumuri Kai mo Shinano mo ame no naka .



quoted from art-random

Related words

***** Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets



Gabi Greve - WKD said...

yuuyakete gokoku jinja no ura shizuka

at sunset
the back of the Gokoku shrine
is so quiet

. 飯田龍太 Iida Ryuta .

MORE about Gokoku shrines

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

kurayami ni mizu otsu oto ya taisha michi

in darkness
the sound of falling water -
way to the great shrine

. Iida Dakotsu 飯田蛇笏 .

about great shrines

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

saotome ya kami no i o kumu futari-zure

rice-planting women -
two of them draw water
from the sacred well

. Iida Dakotsu 飯田蛇笏 .

sacred well

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

. south wind (nanpuu, minami 南風) .

ama mo noru kitamaebune no minami kana

South Wind
for the Matsumae Sailboat
with a nun on board . . .

. 飯田蛇笏 Iida Dakotsu .
MORE about the kitamaebune

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

oo ageha shaba tengoku o kakemeguru

this big swallowtail -
it flutters back and forth
from Shaba to Paradise

more about the SHABA, 娑婆 defiled world

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Keichuuki, Keichuu Ki 契沖忌 Memorial Day for Keichu
契沖の忌日 / 正月二十五日 / 25th day of the first lunar month
- kigo for the New Year, late Winter or Spring -

issen no jiku o jooza ni Keishuu Ki

a scroll
of one fan on the seat of honor -
Keichu Memorial Day
all about priest Keichu