Malala Yousafzai


Malala Yousafzai

At 11, Malala Yousafzai took on the Taliban by championing female education; at 13, she has blogged for the BBC, drawing the world’s attention to the plight and cause of the people of Swat Valley.
the Taliban answered this 14-year-old girl’s courage with bullets, shooting her in the head and neck.

Swat Valley
under the blazing sun
Malala's bloody head

Chen-ou Liu


Swat Valley literally means the land of waterfalls, “an administrative district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. It is the upper valley of the Swat River, which rises in the Hindu Kush range.”


is a valley and an administrative district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. It is the upper valley of the Swat River, which rises in the Hindu Kush range.
The capital of Swat is Saidu Sharif, but the main town in the Swat valley is Mingora. It was a princely state (see Swat (princely state)) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa until it was dissolved in 1969. The valley is almost entirely populated by ethnic Pashtuns or Afghans. The language spoken in the valley is Pashto/Pakhto. With high mountains, green meadows, and clear lakes, it is a place of great natural beauty and is popular with tourists as "the Switzerland of the region". Since 2003 the region has become a logistics base for Taliban operations in Afghanistan.

The region is politically dominated by fundamentalist Muslims who are pro Taliban. In 2009 Sharia Law was implemented in the province by local government in an effort to stop increasing friction between the national and local government. The government was reluctant to take military action against its own citizens.

Swat has been inhabited for over two thousand years. The first inhabitants were settled in well-planned towns. In 327 BC, Alexander the Great fought his way to Udegram and Barikot and stormed their battlements. In Greek accounts these towns have been identified as Ora and Bazira. Around the 2nd century BC, the area was occupied by Buddhists, who were attracted by the peace and serenity of the land.

Buddhist heritage of Swat
An 1869 photo of a Buddha statue seated on a lotus throne in the Swat Valley.Although it is generally accepted that Tantric Buddhism first developed in Swat under King Indrabhuti, there is an old and well-known scholarly dispute as to whether Uddiyana was in the Swat valley, Orissa or some other place. Padmasambhava (flourished eighth century AD), also called Guru Rimpoche, Tibetan Slob-dpon (teacher), or Padma ‘byung-gnas (lotus born) legendary Indian Buddhist mystic who introduced Tantric Buddhism to Tibet and is credited with establishing the first buddhist monastery there.According to tradition, Padmasambhava was native to Udyana (now Swat in Pakistan).
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Haiku and Senryu

Related words

***** . Personal Names used in Haiku
Introduction .


No comments: