***** Location: Northern Hemisphere
***** Season: Non-seasonal Topic
***** Category: Earth


CLICK for more TUNDRA photos !

In physical geography, tundra is a biome
where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.
The term tundra comes from Kildin Sami tūndâr, which means "uplands, treeless mountain tract." There are two types of tundra: Arctic tundra (which also occurs in Antarctica) and alpine tundra. In tundra, the vegetation is composed of dwarf shrubs, sedges and grasses, mosses, and lichens. Scattered trees grow in some tundra. The ecotone (or ecological boundary region) between the tundra and the forest is known as the tree line or timberline.

Climatic classification
Tundra climates ordinarily fit the Köppen climate classification ET, signifying a local climate in which at least one month has an average temperature high enough to melt snow (0°C or 32°F), but no month with an average temperature in excess of (10°C/50°F). The cold limit generally meets the EF climates of permanent ice and snows; the warm-summer limit generally corresponds with the poleward or altitudinal limit of trees, where they grade into the subarctic climates designated Dfd and Dwd (extreme winters as in parts of Siberia), Dfc typical in Alaska, Canada, European Russia, and Western Siberia (cold winters with months of freezing), or even Cfc (no month colder than -3°C as in parts of Iceland and southernmost South America). Tundra climates as a rule are hostile to woody vegetation even where the winters are comparatively mild by polar standards, as in Iceland.

Scarcity or lushness (by polar standards) of native vegetation of tundra regions depends more upon the severity of the temperatures than upon the scarcity or copiousness of precipitation. The alpine tundra also lacks in precipitation compared to the Arctic tundra.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !



Worldwide use


tsundora ツンドラ tundra
toodo tai 凍土帯 region with frozen soil


. Steppe, Mongolian-Manchurian steppe .

Things found on the way

is a journal for short poetry rooted in the crystal image,
edited by Michael Dylan Welch.
For Tundra, I have a strong preference for poems of 13 or fewer lines, particularly haiku, senryu, tanka, and related Japanese forms.
source : www.haikuworld.org, January 1999

CLICK for original LINK
Tundra: The Journal of the Short Poem

"I myself define a short poem as any poem that will fit comfortably on a single normal-sized page--so should not be more than twenty normal lines in length."
source : Michael Dylan Welch, June 2002


best known minimalist haiku of all-time


Cor van den Heuvel

Carmen Sterba :
I would be interested in how you interpret your one word haiku, “tundra”.
Or is that left to the reader?

Cor van den Heuvel:
It is what it is: “a level or undulating plain characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions.” The important things are to see it alone in the mind or in the middle of an otherwise blank page and to color it with a season, preferably spring when it is blowing forever with grasses, flowers, birds (with their nests and eggs), and insects; or in winter when it is covered with endless drifted snow. To see the vastness of it spreading out from the word across the page and across the world. And to hear the sound of it. The word.

source : THF / Essence #3


summer sun ~
the honking of snow geese
on the tundra

Martin Cohen


Polar night --
sparkle of precious stones
in a tundra sky

Olga Hooper
WKD . Polar night : Kigo for Winter

Related words

***** Siberia, Hokkaido, Okinawa
topic for Haiku
Although Siberia and Hokkaido seem cold places,they are not consequently kigo for winter.
Although Okinawa seems a warm place, it is not consequently a kigo for summer.
And so on for other larger areas of the world.

***** Tundra swan (kohakuchoo)
kigo for winter


1 comment:

Anonymous said...


niji tachinu mattaira naru shiberia ni

a rainbow appears
so flat
Ruriko Kato

from “Haiku Shiki” (“Haiku Four Seasons,” a monthly haiku magazine) , October 2009 Issue, Tokyo Shiki Shuppan, Tokyo

Fay’s Note: After World War II, many Japanese soldiers detained as war criminals in Siberia and died in the harsh environment.

Fay Aoyagi