12/25/2014

Genroku Haikai Poets

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The Genroku Period of Japan
1688-1704


Genroku (元禄) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengoo, lit. "year name") after Jōkyō and before Hōei. This period spanned the years from 1688 through 1704.
The reigning emperor was Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇).

G1, 1st month: Ihara Saikaku publishes Japan's Eternal Treasury.
G2 (September 16, 1689): German physician Engelbert Kaempfer arrives at Dejima.
G8, 8th month: Minting begun of Genroku coinage.

Prominent figures of the Genroku era

Chikamatsu Monzaemon—jōruri playwright
Ichikawa Danjūrō I, Sakata Tōjūrō I, Yoshizawa Ayame I — kabuki actors
Ihara Saikaku — novelist
Arai Hakuseki — Confucian scholar and shogunal advisor
The Forty-seven Ronin
Ogata Korin and Ogata Kenzan — Rinpa school artists
Torii Kiyonobu, Hishikawa Moronobu, Miyagawa Chōshun — ukiyo-e artists
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


CLICK for more photos


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- Genroku started in the 9th month of 1688

- - - - - Matsuo Basho - - - - -

1689 - Genroku 2 元禄2
Arano (Wasteland) (1689)

He leaves for "Oku no Hosomichi", comes back in 1690.

1690 - Genroku 3 元禄3
Hisago (The Gourd) (1690)
He lives in Genjuuan and writes his diary  幻住庵記
Oku no Hosomichi 奥の細道.

1691 - Genroku 4 元禄4
Sarumino (The Monkey's Raincoat) (1691)
Saga Nikki (Saga Diary) (1691)
Bashō no Utsusu Kotoba (On Transplanting the Banana Tree) (1691)

He lives for a while with Kyorai at the hermitage Rakushisha 落柿舎 in Kyoto.


1692 - Genroku 5 元禄5
He is back in Edo, in another Basho-An hermitage.
Heikan no Setsu (On Seclusion) (1692)
Fukagawa Shū (Fukagawa Anthology)

1693
His nephew Tooin 桃印 Toin (Peach Seal) dies at Basho-An.

1694 - Genroku 7 元禄7
He travells to Western Japan and dies on the road in November.

- - - November 28, 1694 (1694年11月28日)
12th day of the 10th lunar month of 1694
November 25 or November 28, Gregorian


. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .



. Shoomon 蕉門 Basho's followers .
Basho jittetsu 芭蕉十哲
The 10 most important disciples of Matsuo Basho



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- - - - - 1688-1704 - - - - -
Most poets from that time are already mentioned in the main list
and not mentioned here again.

. Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets.


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Haikai poets until the Genroku Period

Their dates refer to the Asian lunar calendar.


the 10 great and most important disciples of Basho

Basho jittetsu 芭蕉十哲 (ばしょうじってつ
Tachibana Hokushi 立花北枝, Enomoto Kikaku 榎本其角、Hattori Ransetsu 服部嵐雪、Mukai Kyorai 向井去来、Morikawa Kyoroku 森川許六、Kagami Shikoo 名務支考、Naito Joso (Naitoo Joosoo) 内藤丈草、Ochi Etsujin 越智越人、Shida Yaba 志田野坡 (1662-1740), Sugiyama Sanpuu 杉山杉風.

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in ABC order


Amano Tooorin 天野 桃隣(あまの とうりん)
寛永十六年(1639)~享保四年(1719)
from Iga, Ueno, blood relative of Basho


Enju Fuchiku Enjuu 槐諷竹(えんじゅ ふうちく)
生年不詳~正徳元年(? - 1711)


Esa Shoohaku 江左 尚白(えさ しようはく)
慶安三年(1650)~享保七年(1722)
from Otsu, Shiga


Hayano Hajin 早野 巴人(はやの はじん)
延宝五年(1677)~寛保二年(1742)
from Tochigi, he was close to Buson


Hirose Izen 広瀬 惟然(ひろせ いぜん)
?~宝永八年(? - 1711)
from Mino, from a rich family, but he left wife and children behind and began roaming Japan as a poet. He was about 60 when he died.
Osaka Haikai


Ikenishi Gonsui 池西 言水(いけにし ごんすい)
慶安三年(1650)~享保七年(1722)
from Nara


Inbe Rotsu 斎部 路通(いんべ ろつう)
慶安二年(1649)~元文三年(1738)
from Kyoto


Itoo Fuukoku 伊藤風國(いとう ふうこく) Ito Fukoku
生年不詳 - 元禄十四年 (? - July 3, 1701)
doctor in Kyoto. Also named 玄恕.
Published in a Basho anthology, Hakusenshuu 泊船集 (Hakusenshu) 1698.
Kiku no ka 菊の香
Student of Basho. When Basho was ill in Osaka, he provided a nursing home for him.


Itoo Shintoku 伊藤 信徳(いとう しんとく)
寛永十年(1633)~元禄十一年(1698)
from Kyoto


Iwata Ryooto 岩田 涼莵(いわた りょうと)
万治二年(1659)~享保二年(1717)
from Iga, Mie, a Shinto priest who travelled a lot


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Kishi Senshuu 貴志 沾州(きし せんしゅう)
寛文十年(1670)~元文四年(1739)
from Edo


Koono Riyuu 河野李由(こうの りゆう)Kono Riyu
寛文二年(1662)~宝永二年(1705)
from Hikone, Shiga


. Kosugi Isshoo 小杉 一笑(こすぎ いっしょう) .
元禄元年(1632)~寛永九年(1668)
"one laugh"
from Kaga, Kanazawa, now Ishikawa


Kuranashi Issetsu 椋梨 一雪(くらなし いっせつ)
元和六年(1620)~延宝八年(1680)
from Kyoto


Matsue Shigeyori 松江 重頼(まつえ しげより)
慶長七年(1602)~延宝八年(1680)
from Izumo


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Matsuo Basho 松尾 芭蕉(まつお ばしょう)
Basho, Matsuo Basho (1644 - 1694)


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Miyazaki Keikoo 宮崎 荊口(みやざき けいこう)
生年不詳~享保十二年(? - 1725)
from Ogaki, Mino


Mizuma Sentoku 水間 沾徳(みずま せんとく)
寛文元年(1661)~享保十一年(1726)
from Edo, he was the center of the Edo Haidan 江戸俳壇


Mochizuki Mokusetsu 望月 木節(もちづき もくせつ)
生没年不詳 dates are unknown
from Omi, Otsu, a medical doctor
He was at Basho's side and gave him medicine, until the master died.


Morikawa Kyoriku (Kyoroku) 森川 許六(もりかわ きよりく)
明暦二年(1656)~正徳五年(1715)
from Hikone, Omi
Kyoroku Ki 許六忌 (きょろくき)
Gorosei Ki 五老井忌(ごろうせいき)


Naemura Chiri 苗村千里(なえむら ちり)
正保三年(1647)~享保元年(1716)
from Yamato, Nara, lived in Asakusa, Edo
He accompanied Matsuo Basho on his trip, Nozarashi Kikoo 野ざらし紀行 Nozarashi Kiko.


Nakagawa Otsuyuu 中川 乙由(なかがわ おつゆう)
延宝十二年(1675)~元文四年(1739)
from Ise


Nakamura Fumikuni 中村 史邦(なかむら ふみくに)
生没年不詳 dates not known
from Inuyama, Owari


Nakarai Bakuyoo 半井 卜養(なからい ぼくよう
(1607-1678)
medical doctor of the bakufu government


Nishijima no tsuma 西島の妻(にしじまのつま)
生没年不詳 dates not known
wife of Nishijima, from Asakusa, Edo
maybe the wife of Nozawa Boncho 野沢凡兆の妻


Nonoguchi Ryuuho 野々口 立圃(ののぐち りゅうほ)
文禄四年(1595)~寛文九年(1669)
born in Kyoto


Nukata Fuushi 額田 風之(ぬかた ふうし)
貞享三年(1686)~延享四年(1747)
from Kyoto


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Okanishi Itchu, Ichiyuu, Ichuu 岡西惟中(おかにし いちゆう)
寛永十六年(1639)~正徳元年(1711)
from Inaba (Tottori). Danrin school
His haikai contained "great exaggerations" and "bald falsehood".
- Reference -


Ootaka Shiyoo 大高 子葉(おおたか しよう)
寛文十二年(1672)~元禄十六年(1703)
One of the 47 Akaho Ronin.


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Sengoku Rogenboo 仙石 廬元坊(せんごく ろげんぼう)
元禄元年(1688)~延享四年(1747)
from Mino.


Shiba Sonome 斯波 園女(しば そのめ)
寛文四年(1664)~享保(1726)
from Iga, Mie. Daughter of a Shinto priest



Shiinomoto Saimaru 椎本 才麿(しいのもと さいまろ)
明暦二年(1656)~元文三年(1738)
from Yamato (Nara)


Shuu Shoku 秋 色(しゅうしょく)
寛文八年(1668)~享保十年(1725)
"autumn color"
a student of Kikaku, his name was Ogawa Oaki 小川おあき


. Suganuma Kyokusui 菅沼 曲翠(すがぬま きょくすい) .
~享保二年(? - 1717)
official from Omi. He offered the 幻住庵 Genju-An to Matsuo Basho.



Tani Soobaku 谷 宗牧(たに そうぼく)
生年不詳~天文十四年(? - 1545)
from Osaka


Toyotomi Hideyoshi 豊臣秀吉
天文六年(1537)~慶長三年(1598)
Regent of Japan


Umetsu Kida 梅津 基雫(うめつ きだ)
(1671-1720)
From Akita, Satake han



Yamamoto Kakei 山本 荷兮(やまもと かけい)
慶安元年(1648)~享保元年(1716)
doctor from Nagoya


Yamazaki Sookan 山崎 宗鑑(やまざき そうかん)
生年不詳~天文八年、九年(? - 1539.40)
from Omi


Yagara Teishitsu 安原 貞室(やすはら ていしつ)
慶長十五年(1610)~寛文十三年(1673)
from Kyoto (Yasurai?)


Yaunken, Ya-unken 也雲軒(やうんけん)
a haikai school in the Genroku era 元禄の俳句塾


Ya Unken 也雲軒



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Things found on the way



. Issues of Value in Genroku Haikai
David Cannell, University of California, Irvine 



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. Genroku Haiku Poets / Japanese reference .


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Related words


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