12/05/2007

Tree (ki, jumoku) and forest

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Tree (ki, jumoku) and Forest

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Non-seasonal Topic and see below
***** Category: Plant


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Explanation

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tree, ki, jumoku 木, 樹
small forest, hayashi, rin 林
grove, kodachi 木立

forest, mori 森
..... shinrin 森林



Green young leaves, wakaba, are for all trees, but some with expecially pretty ones have their own kigo.

... Green young leaves


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CLICK for more photos !CLICK for more photos of famous trees



Famous tree, meiboku 名木
(do not mix with "meiboku" 銘木, wood suitable for processing)

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CLICK for many more !CLICK for many more beautiful photos !

The 100 most famous trees of Japan
meiboku hyakusen 名木百選

Each prefecture then has its own choice of famous trees.

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One single cherry tree, ippon sakura 一本桜
Japanese are most fond of these lone trees !

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CLICK for more Yakusugi CLICK for more Yaku Sugi

Cedar trees from Yakushima Island,
many are more than a few thousand years old fro the Jomon period
Jomon sugi (joomon sugi) 縄文杉
Yakusugi 屋久杉, Yakushima Sugi

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CLICK for more old trees

Old Tree, koboku 古木

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Sacred tree, "Tree of a Deity", shinboku 神木
Usually in a Shinto shrine.
"honorable sacred tree", go shinboku 御神木

. shinboku 神木, shinju 神樹 sacred tree divine tree .
and haiku


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Cedar of Kannon Bosatsu, Kannon Sugi, 観音杉



. Karasaki no Matsu 唐崎の松 / 辛崎の松 Black Japanese pine at Karasaki (Lake Biwa)
One of the three most famous pines and haiku


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CLICK for more photos


yashikirin 屋敷林 ( やしきりん ) trees around a home
yashikibayashi, manor house forest

In many of the large planes facing the Sea of Japan, the winter winds are quite fierce and strong trees around an isolated homestead protect the houses. The small forests also provide good wood for building a house. The fallen leaves give firewood and compost. Many birds nest in special trees planted for them, leaving their droppings, which in turn provide new plants growing below the trees. Bigger trees on the outside protect fruit trees on the inside, providing food for the winter months.
Local varieties in the form of these small forests show the aesthetic feeling of an area.
In the plains around Izumo, for example, they take the shape of the roof of the Grand Shrine of Izumo.



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Compiled by Larry Bole :

William J. Higginson says on the topic of "tree" as kigo
(from "Haiku World"):

"The names of many trees suggest their blossoms or fruit which are often seasonal. But the evergreens and cedar and the names alone of many deciduous trees such as oak and birch, do not have particular seasonal assocations. ..."

Higginson then goes on to point out two specific exceptions to the observaton that "the names alone of many deciduous trees do not have particular seasonal associations," namely the maple (kaede, momiji, late autumn) and the willow (yanagi, late spring).

Young American beech trees (Fagus Grandifolia) keep their autumn leaves (golden brown) all winter. This makes them relatively unique among deciduous trees.
Could this aspect of a young American beech tree be a winter kigo?


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Tamamura Kōzaburō (1856 - 1923)


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Kigo in various seasons


. Acacia (akashia) locust tree .
Akazie


. Beech tree (buna 山毛欅 ).
Fagus sylvatica. Buche


Birch tree (shirakaba 白樺) Birke
Betula mandschurica var. japonica — Japanese birch
Betula grossa — Japanese cherry birch


. Cryptomeria (sugi 杉)  
Cryptomeria japonica. Japanische Zeder


. Hemp palm, hemp-palm (shuro 棕櫚) .
Trachycarpus fortunei. Hanfpalme

. Hinoki cypress ヒノキ、檜、桧.
Chamaecyparis obtusa
ーーーーー and
asunaro hinoki アスナロ / 翌檜 Asunaro Hinoki
Thujopsis dolabrata


. Magnolia (mokuren) and other kinds .


. Nettletree, Chinese hackberry tree (enoki 榎).
Celtis sinensis var. japonica. Chinese) hackberry
chinesischer Zürgelbaum


. Pagoda tree (enju えんじゅ【槐】) .
Styphnolobium japonicum, Sophora japonica
japanischer Schnurbaum


. Tamarack tree, Larch (karamatsu 唐松) .
Larix kaempferi (Lambert) Carriere. Lärche
Hackmatack - The American larch (Larix Americana)
. . . . . Spruce tree, Fichte
genus Picea


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Some kigo include the Chinese characters for
tree and forest given above


. Leaves of trees in all seasons .



kigo for sping
here GROVE means a grove with trees in full bloom

plum grove, bairin 梅林(ばいりん)

peach grove, toorin 桃林(とうりん)

CLICK for more peach grove photos


grove in spring, shunrin 春林 しゅんりん
tree in spring, haru no ki 春の樹(はるのき)
forest in spring, haru no mori 春の森(はるのもり)

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kigo for early spring


. hinoki ochiba 檜落葉(ひのきおちば)
fallen leaves of the Japanese cypress .

Chamaecyparis obtusa

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kigo for mid-spring

hannoki no hana, han no ki no hana 赤楊の花 (はんのきのはな)
alder tree blossoms
..... han no hana 榛の花(はんのはな)
hari no ki no hana , harinoki no hana はりの木の花(はりのきのはな)


hashibami no hana 榛の花 (はしばみのはな) hazle tree blossoms


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kigo for late spring

azusa no hana 梓の花 (あずさのはな) catalpa tree blossoms
..... hana azusa 花梓(はなあずさ)
yogusominebari no hana よぐそみねばりの花(よぐそみねばりのはな)


kaede no hana 楓の花 (かえでのはな) maple tree blossoms
..... hana kaede 花楓(はなかえで)
momiji saku もみじ咲く(もみじさく)"red leaved treees have blossoms"


kashi no hana 樫の花 (かしのはな) oak tree blossoms


kaya no hana 榧の花 (かやのはな) torreya tree blossoms

kibushi no hana 木五倍子の花 (きぶしのはな)
Stachyurus praecox

kuromoji no hana 黒文字の花 (くろもじのはな ) spice bush blossoms
Lindera umbellata. Fieberstrauch



yamamomo no hana 楊梅の花 (やまもものはな)
bayberry blossoms
Myrica rubra


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kigo for all summer

"new tree" shinju 新樹 (しんじゅ)

. tsuge ochiba 黄楊落葉(つげおちば)
fallen leaves of boxwood .

early summer



. silk tree flowers, nemu no hana 合歓の花 (ねむのはな)  
..... nebu no hana ねぶのはな
hana nemu 花合歓 blossoming silk tree
"persian carpet flower tree" juuka ju
絨花樹(じゅうかじゅ)
..... nemuri gi ねむり木(ねむりぎ)
gookon 合昏(ごうこん)
Albizia julibrissin.
.... and kigo in other seasons




Crape myrtle (sarusuberi)
kusuguri no ki くすぐりの木(くすぐりのき)



Japanese wax tree, roo no ki 蝋の木(ろうのき)
..... haji no ki はじの木(はじのき)
The rhus tree (haze) as kigo
Rhus succedanea (Japanese wax tree)


grove in summer, natsu kodachi 夏木立 (なつこだち)
tree in summer, natsuki 夏木(なつき)


. konoshita yami 木下闇 (このしたやみ) darkness under the trees .
ko no kure 木の晩(このくれ)dusk under trees
..... kogure 木暮(こぐれ)
ko no kuregakuri 木の暗隠り(このくれがくり)
konokureshige 木の暗茂(このくれしげ)
koguru 木暮る(こぐる), kogurashi 木暗し(こぐらし)



. morin 茂林(もりん)forest with thick leaves .
shigeri 茂 - 繁り (しげり) leaves grow thick
musubiba 結葉 (むすびば)


ryokuin 緑蔭 (りょくいん) shadow of trees



aogiri 梧桐 (あおぎり) Chinese parasol tree
..... 青桐(あおぎり)、gotoo 梧桐(ごとう)
Firmiana platanifolia


nezumimochi no hana 女貞の花 (ねずみもちのはな)
blossoms of Ligustrum japonicum

tobera no hana 海桐の花 (とべらのは)
blossoms of Pittosporum tobira 扉木
..... hana tobera 花とべら(はなとべら)


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kigo for late summer

doyoo me 土用芽 (どようめ) buds on the dog day
..... doyoo no me 土用の芽(どようのめ)


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. Trees blossoming in Summer - LIST .


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kigo for autumn

"red tree" kooju 紅樹(こうじゅ)

. red leaves, colored leaves, momiji (kooyoo 紅葉) .
urushi momiji 漆紅葉(うるしもみじ)momiji of the laquer tree
..... nurude momiji 白膠紅葉(ぬるでもみじ)

haze momiji 櫨紅葉(はぜもみじ)momiji of the wax tree
ichoo momiji 銀杏黄葉(いちょうもみじ)momiji of the gingko tree

kashiwa mojimi 柏黄葉(かしわもみじ)momiji of the Kashiwa oak
kaki momiji 柿紅葉(かきもみじ)momiji of the persimmon tree
ume momiji 梅紅葉(うめもみじ)momiji of the plum tree
nemu momiji 合歓紅葉(ねむもみじ)momiji of the mimosa tree

toodan momiji 満天星紅葉(どうだんもみじ)
momiji of Enkianthus perulatus

budoo momiji 葡萄紅葉(ぶどうもみじ)momiji of grapes
shirakaba momiji 白樺黄葉(しらかばもみじ)momiji of the birch tree


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kenbonashi 枳梖 (けんぽなし) Hovenia dulcis
..... genbonashi 玄圃梨(げんぽなし)
..... tenboonashi てんぽうなし
Hovenia dulcis. Japanischer Rosinenbaum
Its fruit is used in Chinese medicine.



kisasage 木豇豆 (きささげ ) Catalpa ovata
..... hisagi 楸(ひさぎ)
Catalpa ovata. japanischer Trompetenbaum; japanische Katalpa




. Autumn leaves, red leaves (momiji)  



. Oak trees of Japan (Quercus) and acorns (donguri)  



. Nuts and fruits of trees (konomi)  


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kigo for late autumn


sangoju 珊瑚樹 (さんごじゅ) "tree like a coral"
Viburnum

..... kisango きさんご
Viburnum odoratissimum var. awabuki. サンゴジュ
With bright red berries.
. . . . . but

sangoju no hana 珊瑚樹の花 (さんごじゅのはな)
..... hana sango 晩夏 花珊瑚(はなさんご)
kigo for late summer


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kigo for winter

CLICK for more photos !
frost on the forest, muhyoorin 霧氷林(むひょうりん)
... juhyoorin 樹氷林(じゅひょうりん)




. fallen leaves, ochiba 落葉 おちば  
withered leaves, kareha 枯葉 (かれは)
and many more



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Worldwide use

Arbor Day - April 10
observance kigo for spring in the USA



Arbor Day (from the Latin arbor, meaning tree)
is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. It originated in Nebraska City, Nebraska, United States by J. Sterling Morton. The first Arbor Day was held on April 10, 1872, and an estimated one million trees were planted that day.

Many countries now observe a similar holiday. Though usually observed in the spring, the date varies, depending on climate and suitable planting season.

Birdsey Northrop of Connecticut was responsible for globalizing it when he visited Japan in 1883 and delivered his Arbor Day and Village Improvement message. In that same year, the American Forestry Association made Northrop the Chairman of the committee to campaign for Arbor Day nationwide. He also brought his enthusiasm for Arbor Day to Australia, Canada and Europe.

Arbor Day reached its height of popularity on its 125th anniversary in 1997, when David J. Wright, noticed that a Nebraska nonprofit organization called the National Arbor Day Foundation had taken the name of the holiday and commercialized it for their own use as a trademark for their publication "Arbor Day," so he countered their efforts, launched a website, and trademarked it for "public use celebrations" and defended the matter in a federal district court in the United States[2] to ensure it was judged as property of the public domain, the case was settled in October 1999. Today anyone can use the term "Arbor Day" as well as hold their own Arbor Day celebration.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Japan celebrates a similarly themed Greenery Day, held on May 4.
Although it has a similar theme to Arbor Day, its roots lay in celebration of the birthday of Emperor Hirohito.

. Green Week (midori no shuukan 緑の週間) .
Greenery Day (みどりの日, midori no hi)


. WKD : World Days as Kigo .



arbor day -
the boy plants a pencil
beside the sand castle


Gabi Greve



Arbor Day---
how to thank a tree
hug it


- Shared by Fred Masarani -
Joys of Japan, 2012



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Baum, Bäume
Hain
Wald, Wälder



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Things found on the way


The Mandala Tree at the Mandala Temple


treemandala



Trees, my best friends .. 巨木

................................ Camphor Tree Kusunoki 楠木 くすのき

by Gabi Greve

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. Kodama 木霊 - 木魂  The Tree Spirit .


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HAIKU


Click for full entry and more photos !

sacred gingko tree -
a prayer falls
with every leaf


 © Gabi Greve, Japan 2007


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useless tree -
too old to move,
I just sit here


Gabi Greve
Tao of a useless tree  

More OLD TREE, koboku photos


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動く葉もなくおそろしき夏木立
ugoku ha mo naku osoroshiki natsu kodachi

Even leaves don't move
Awsome is the
Summer grove

Tr. Dr. Satya Bhushan Verma


Buson or Basho ?

- Reference -

It is not listed in the complete works of Matsuo Basho.


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leafless tree –
the artist taking time
to change his brush


Raju Samal
India, May 2009


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屋敷林の奥あたたかし三輪車
yashikirin no oku atatakashi sanrinsha

the manor house forest
is warm deep inside -
a tricycle

Taniguchi Michiru 谷口みちる


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夏の月滝田栄の林立す
natsu no tsuki Takita Sakae no hayashi tatsu

summer moon . . .
I stand in the forest
of Takita Sakae

Hitotsu Maguro 一鮪
http://www.koshinfu.com/007.html


Takita Sakae 滝田栄 and his woodwork statues


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quoting Chuang-Tsu - Zhuangzi, Sooshi 荘子
Free and Easy Wandering


"What can I do with an old tree?"

"Why don't you plant it in Not-Even-Anything Village,
or the field of Broad-and-Boundless,
relax and do nothing by its side,
or lie down for a free and easy sleep under it?
Axes will never shorten its life, nothing can ever harm it.
If there's no use for it, how can it come to grief or pain?"




. Chinese background of Japanese kigo .


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Related words

. Cottonwood (Populus deltoides, Populus fremontii) . USA


***** World Kigo Database
search for TREE ! Leaves, Blossoms, names of fruit ...


. Forest work ... in all seasons  


. WASHOKU - Food from the Bountiful Woods
(Mori no Megumi)



. Food from the Sea, Food from the Mountains
Umi no Sachi, Yama no Sachi ... The Origin


. PLANTS - - - the Complete SAIJIKI .  


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6 comments:

facebook friends said...

So many haijin
flock together in the grove
of Gabi San

Aju Mukhopadhyay

Gabi Greve said...

黒森を なにといふとも 今朝の雪
kuromori o nan to iu tomo kesa no yuki

Matsuo Basho

how can you call
the green wood
with heavy snow this morning

~(Tr. Hideo Suzuki)

written by Basho about age 38 to 40
天和元年(38歳)頃から天和4年(40歳

kuro mori
http://www.facebook.com/groups/joysofjapan/permalink/273675752681881/
.

Gabi Greve said...

kuromori o nan to iu tomo kesa no yuki

Matsuo Basho

Black Forest:
so now what are you called?
a morning of snow

Tr. Barnhill

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

Masaoka Shiki

大寺の破風見ゆるなり夏木立
daiji no hafu miyuru nari natsu kodachi

I look at the gables
of this big temple -
trees in summer

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

室生寺の榧の実食べてしまひけり
Murooji no kaya no mi tabete shimai-keri

I ate all the Shii-oak acorns
from Temple Muro-ji
and that's it

Harada Takashi 原田喬

MORE about temple Muro-Ji

Gabi Greve said...

Gennady Nov

gold of fall
and in fresh juice
of red berries

quoting wikipedia

Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of shrubs or (in a few species) small trees in the moschatel family, Adoxaceae. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. It was previously included in the family Caprifoliaceae.

The member species are native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with a few species extending into tropical montane regions in South America, Russia and southeast Asia. In Africa, the genus is confined to the Atlas Mountains.

The generic name originated in Latin, where it referred to V. lantana.

The fruit is a spherical, oval or somewhat flattened drupe, red to purple, blue, or black, and containing a single seed; some are edible for humans, but many others are mildly poisonous. The leaves are eaten by the larvae of many Lepidoptera species.
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